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Trapping Codling Moths

 

                                             Anyone who grows apples for the pleasures of eating them - fresh from the tree or in sauces, cakes and pies knows that dealing with codling moths can be a real pain.

 Commercial growers begin spraying with petal fall and spray every two weeks until they pick. That is why apples have more chemicals than any other fruit we buy.

Scientists have determined that the codling moths appear with petal fall. The scientists have a degree day formula to determine when the next hatch will come. Here is western South Dakota that is very close to the summer equinox. (Also the moths like to fly in moonlight.)

I have been spraying my apples after petal fall, at the full moon closest to June 22 and again a month later. This gets about 80% of the worms. Codling moth control was difficult in 2014 because the full moon was so early in the month and we had a colder spring.

I also use Tangle Foot of Tangle Trap, a gooey substance like pine tar.. You can get this at the hardware store or the local nurseries. I wrap duck tape around the trunk of the tree about two feet from the base with the stickey side out, then cover the tape with Tangle Foot or Tangle Trap. When the apples fall of the tree and the worms crawl out, they get stuck trying to go back up the tree. If a person had animals (deer work really well!!) to eat all the fallen apples, you don't need to wrap the tree.

There are phermone traps that orchard growers use. These have the female scent of the moths and you hang them in your trees to sdetermine your populatin of moths.

Joe Hillberry, Pennington County Master Gardener 

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Here is another gardener's method of dealing with codling moths... In a clean gallon milk jug add 1 cup of sugar, 1 cup of vinegar and 1 cut up banana peel. Fill jug with water so it is 3/4 full. Hang one jug on the lowest branch of the tree when blooms start to appear and through the late bloom and petal fall. Replace as necessary.

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Summer Food in Wintry February

 

16 Popular Foods You Didn’t Know You Could Freeze

1. Garlic – You can freeze whole garlic, garlic cloves or chopped fresh garlic. Frozen garlic does lose some of its texture, but the flavor remains intact.

2. Corn – You can freeze fresh-picked corn on the cob for up to one year. Pack it in freezer bags — husk and silk and all. For store-bought corn, husk and blanch it before freezing.

3. Avocados – The bad news is that frozen avocados lose their consistency. The good news is that they do not lose their taste, so you can use them for guacamole or dressing. Wash and halve them before peeling. Freeze as halves, or puree them with lime or lemon juice and then store for up to eight months.

4. Mushrooms — You can freeze raw button, creminis and portabellas mushrooms for later use. Chop and slice mushrooms and then spread them on a cookie sheet. Freeze. Then transfer the pieces to bags or containers.

5. Onion – You can save chopping time – and tears – by freezing onion for cooking later. Store peeled, chopped onion in plastic freezer bags. The best part is you can just toss them into your recipes without thawing them first.

6. Hummus – Scoop your fresh hummus into plastic containers. Then drizzle a thin layer of olive oil on the top to keep it from drying out. Thaw in the refrigerator for 24 hours before mixing and serving.


more such winter gardening from Off the Grid News